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暖通空调杂志社>期刊目次>2018年>第12期

机场航站楼值机与候机区域人员密度特征分析

Occupant density characteristics of airport terminal check-in and waiting areas

李凌杉 刘效辰 张 涛 刘晓华
清华大学

摘要:

以典型航站楼为例对其末端服务区域的人员密度及航站楼内总人员密度等进行了实际调研。结果表明:值机、安检及候机等不同功能区域的人员密度(高峰值)与设计值大致相符;值机、候机大厅高峰时段人员密度分别约为8.510.5 m2/人,显著低于单纯按照设计值统计得到的人员密度。航站楼空调系统设计中应当考虑总人数分布差异性的影响,根据不同区域所服务的总人数分别进行选型设计。

关键词:机场航站楼,人员密度,客流量,实际值,设计值

Abstract:

Taking a typical terminal building as an example, investigates the characteristics of the occupant density of terminal areas and the total occupant density of the airport terminal building. The results show that the occupant densities (rush hour) of different functional areas, such as check-in, security check and waiting areas, are approximately similar to the design values. The occupant densities of check-in hall and waiting hall are about 8.5 m2/person and 10.5 m2/person respectively, significantly lower than the design values obtained by the design densities statistically. It’s suggested that the discrepancy between design and actual occupant densities should be taken into consideration in designing the air conditioning system of an airport terminal. Appropriate design values should be determined according to the accumulated occupants served in different areas.

Keywords:airportterminal,occupantdensity,passengerflow,actualvalue,designvalue

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